Monday, July 15, 2013

Mandela Names

Mr Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela is sometimes called by other names.
Each name has its own special meaning and story. When you use them you should know what you are saying and why. So here is a brief explanation of each name.
Rolihlahla – This is Mr Mandela’s birth name: it is an isiXhosa name which means “pulling the branch of a tree”, but colloquially it means “troublemaker”. His father gave him this name.
Nelson – This name was given to him on his first day at school by his teacher, Miss Mdingane. Giving African children English names was a custom among Africans in those days and was influenced by British colonials who could not easily, and often would not, pronounce African names. It is unclear why Miss Mdingane chose the name “Nelson” for Mr Mandela.
Madiba – This is the name of the clan of which Mr Mandela is a member. A clan name is much more important than a surname as it refers to the ancestor from which a person is descended. Madiba was the name of a Thembu chief who ruled in the Transkei in the 18th century. It is considered very polite to use someone’s clan name.
Tata – This isiXhosa word means “father” and is a term of endearment that many South Africans use for Mr Mandela. Since he is a father figure to many, they call him Tata regardless of their own age.
Khulu – Mr Mandela is often called “Khulu”, which means great, paramount, grand. The speaker means “Great One” when referring to Mr Mandela in this way. It is also a shortened form of the isiXhosa word “uBawomkhulu” for “grandfather”.
Dalibhunga – This is the name Mr Mandela was given at the age of 16 once he had undergone initiation, the traditional Xhosa rite of passage into manhood. It means “creator or founder of the council” or “convenor of the dialogue”. The correct use of this name when greeting Mr Mandela is “Aaah! Dalibhunga”.
Other names – Of course, Mr Mandela’s family use many terms of endearment for him. His grandchildren use variants of “Grandfather”, like “Granddad” for instance. Mrs Graça Machel frequently uses “Papa”.

Mandela Genealogy

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (born July 18, 1918)
Father: Nkosi Mphakanyiswa Gadla Henry (died circa 1927)
Mother: Noqaphi Nosekeni (died 1968)
Mr Mandela has been married three times.
He had six children, four girls and two boys.
A daughter and two sons passed away: Makaziwe died as an infant in 1948; Madiba Thembekile [Thembi] died in a car accident in 1969 and Makgatho Lewanika died of an AIDS-related illness in 2005.
His surviving children are Pumla Makaziwe [Maki], Zenani and Zindziswa [Zindzi]
1944 Married Evelyn Ntoko Mase (born 1922, died April 30, 2004) – Divorced March 19, 1958
June 14, 1958 Married Winifred Nomzamo Zanyiwe Madikizela (born 1936) – Divorced March 19, 1996
July 18, 1998 Married Graça Machel (born 1945)
With Evelyn Mase
1. Madiba Thembekile Mandela (born 1945, died July 13, 1969 aged 24)
2. Makaziwe Mandela (died 1948 aged nine months)
3. Magkatho Lewanika Mandela (born 1950, died January 6, 2005 aged 55)
4. Pumla Makaziwe Mandela (born 1954)
With Winnie Mandela
5. Zenani Dlamini (born 1959)
6. Zindzi Mandela (born 1960)
1. Ndileka Mandela [1965—F—Thembi]
2. Nandi Mandela [1968—F—Thembi]
3. Mandla Mandela [1974—M—Makgatho]
4. Ndaba Mandela [1983—M—Makgatho]
5. Mbuso Mandela [1991—M—Makgatho]
6. Andile Mandela [1993—M—Makgatho]
7. Tukwini Mandela [1974—F—Makaziwe]
8. Dumani Mandela[1976—M—Makaziwe]
9. Kweku Mandela [1985—M—Makaziwe]
10. Zaziwe Manaway [1977—F—Zenani]
11. Zamaswazi Dlamini [1979—F—Zenani]
12. Zinhle Dlamini [1980—M—Zenani]
13. Zozuko Dlamini [1992—M—Zenani]
14. Zoleka Mandela [1980—F—Zindzi]
15. Zondwa Mandela [1985—M—Zindzi]
16. Bambatha Mandela [1989—M—Zindzi]
17. Zwelabo Mandela [1992—M—Zindzi]
1. Ziyanda Manaway [2000—M—Zaziwe]
2. Zipokhazi Manaway [2009—F—Zaziwe]
3. Zenani Mandela [1997–2010—F—Zoleka ]
4. Zwelami Mandela [2003—M—Zoleka]
5. Zamakhosi Obiri [2008—F—Zamaswazi]
6. Thembela Mandela [1984—M—Ndileka]
7. Pumla Mandela [1993—F—Ndileka]
8. Hlanganani Mandela [1986—M—Nandi]
9. Zazi Kazimla Vitalia Mandela [2010—F—Zondwa]
10. Lewanika Ngubencuka Mandela [2010—M—Ndaba]
11. Zenawe Zibuyile Mandela [2011–2011—M—Zoleka]
12. Qheya II Zanethemba Mandela [2011—M—Mandla]
13. Ziwelene Linge Mandela [2011—M—Zondwa]
14. Zenkosi John Brunson Manaway [2012—M—Zaziwe]

Mandela's Trials and Prison Time Line

Prison numbers

  • 7 November 1962: 19476/62 – Pretoria Local Prison
  • 1963: 11657/63 – Pretoria Local Prison. When he returned to Pretoria after a short spell on Robben Island
  • June 1964: 466/64 – Robben Island
  • March 1982: 220/82 – Pollsmoor Prison
  • 7 December 1988: 1335/88 – Victor Verster Prison

Trials and prison chronology

2 December 1952: Nelson Mandela is convicted with 19 others for his role in the 1952 Defiance Campaign and sentenced to nine months' hard labour, suspended for two years
21 March 1960: Sixty-nine peaceful protesters are killed by police at Sharpeville
8 April 1960: Apartheid regime bans the African National Congress (ANC) and Pan Africanist Congress (PAC)
29 March 1961: Mandela is acquitted with 27 remaining accused in the four-and-a-half year Treason Trial. Immediately goes underground
11 January 1962: Leaves the country for military training and to gather support for the newly formed armed wing of the ANC, Umkhonto weSizwe
23 July 1962: Returns to South Africa via Botswana
5 August 1962: Arrested at a roadblock near Howick, KwaZulu-Natal
7 November 1962: Sentenced to five years for incitement and leaving the country illegally. Begins serving his sentence at Pretoria Local Prison and is assigned the prisoner number 19476/62
27 May 1963: Transferred to Robben Island Prison
12 June 1963: Transferred to Pretoria Local Prison
9 October 1963: Appears, for the first time, with 10 others in the Palace of Justice in Pretoria. They become the accused in the Rivonia Trial. The case is remanded to 29 October
Nelson Mandela
Walter Sisulu
Govan Mbeki
Ahmed Kathrada
Raymond Mhlaba
Denis Goldberg
Elias Motsoaledi
Rusty Bernstein
Bob Hepple
Andrew Mlangeni
James Kantor
29 October 1963: The defence applies for the quashing of the indictment alleging 199 acts of sabotage
30 October 1963: Prosecutor Percy Yutar announces that Bob Hepple would become a state witness. He is released and skips the country. The indictment against the 10 others is quashed. They are immediately rearrested
1 November 1963: Justice De Wet refuses bail to Kantor and Bernstein. The case is remanded to 12 November
12 November 1963:  Yutar presents a new indictment splitting the sabotage charges into two parts. The case is remanded to 25 November
25 November 1963: The 199 alleged acts of sabotage are reduced to 193. The defence applies to have the new indictment quashed
26 November 1963: Justice De Wet dismisses the application to have the indictment quashed
27 November 1963: The trial is remanded to 3 December, after Kantor’s new defence requests time to prepare
3 December 1963: The 10 accused plead not guilty to sabotage in the Rivonia Trial
20 April 1964: Mandela makes his famous Speech from the Dock, in which he says he is “prepared to die” for a democratic South Africa
11 June 1964: All except Bernstein and Kantor are convicted of sabotage
12 June 1964: Mandela and seven others are sentenced to life imprisonment
12 June 1964: All except Goldberg are sent to Robben Island to serve their sentences. Goldberg, as the only white person convicted in the trial, is held in Pretoria Central Prison. Mandela is assigned the prisoner number 466/64
24 September 1968: Mandela’s mother Nosekeni dies. He is forbidden from attending her funeral
13 July 1969: Mandela’s eldest son, Thembekile, is killed in a car accident. He is forbidden from attending his funeral
31 March 1982: Mandela, Sisulu, Mhlaba and Mlangeni, and later Kathrada, are transferred to Pollsmoor Prison. Mandela is assigned the prisoner number 220/82
10 February 1985: Rejects President PW Botha's offers to release him and other political prisoners if he renounces violence
28 February 1985: Goldberg, who has been held apart from his comrades for more than 20 years, accepts the offer and is released
3 November 1985: Is admitted to the Volks Hospital in Cape Town for prostate surgery
23 November 1985: Is discharged from the Volks Hospital and held in a cell alone at Pollsmoor Prison, from where he begins communicating with the government about eventual talks with the ANC
16 May 1986: Meets with an Eminent Persons Group from the Commonwealth Group of Nations
20 July 1986: Holds his first meeting with Justice Minister Kobie Coetsee about talks between the government and the ANC
5 November 1987: Govan Mbeki is released from Robben Island
12 August 1988: Is admitted to Tygerberg Hospital, where he is diagnosed with tuberculosis
31 August 1988: Is transferred to Constantiaberg MediClinic to continue his treatment
7 December 1988: Is transferred to Victor Verster Prison near Paarl, where he is held in the house formerly occupied by a warder. Mandela is assigned the prisoner number 1335/88
5 July 1989: Meets PW Botha in his office in Cape Town
15 October 1989: Sisulu, Kathrada, Motsoaledi, Mlangeni and Mhlaba are released, along with Oscar Mpetha and PAC prisoner Jeff Masemola
13 December 1989: Meets President FW de Klerk at his office in Cape Town
2 February 1990: At the opening of Parliament, De Klerk announces the unbanning of all political organisations, including the ANC
10 February 1990: Meets De Klerk and is informed he will be released the next day in Johannesburg. Mandela objects, saying he wants to walk through the gates of Victor Verster Prison, and asks for two weeks for ANC to prepare. De Klerk refuses the extension but agrees to release him at Victor Verster
10 February 1990: De Klerk announces at a press conference that Nelson Mandela will be released the next day
11 February 1990: Nelson Mandela is released from Victor Verster Prison
11 February 1990: He addresses thousands of well-wishers gathered on the Grand Parade, from the balcony of the City Hall in Cape Town. Spends the night at Bishopscourt, the official residence of the Archbishop of Cape Town
12 February 1990: Holds a press conference in the garden of Bishopscourt. Flies to Johannesburg
12 February 1990: Spends the night in Northriding, at the home of a supporter, Sally Rowney
13 February 1990: Flies to FNB Stadium in Soweto for a welcome home rally
13 February 1990: Spends his first night in decades at his family home, at 8115 Orlando West, Soweto

Mandela's Prison Time Line

Prison timeline with Nelson Mandela's prison numbers

5 August 1962: Arrested
7 November 1962: Sentenced to five years for leaving the country without a passport and incitement. Begins serving his sentence at the Pretoria Local Prison
Prisoner number: 19476/62
27 May 1963: Is transferred to Robben Island
12 June 1963: Is transferred back to Pretoria Local Prison
Prisoner number: 11657/63
11 June 1964: Is convicted of sabotage with Walter Sisulu, Ahmed Kathrada, Raymond Mhlaba, Govan Mbeki, Elias Motsoaledi, Denis Goldberg and Andrew Mlangeni
12 June 1964: Is sentenced to life imprisonment with Sisulu, Kathrada, Mhlaba, Mbeki, Motsoaledi, Goldberg and Mlangeni
13 June 1964: Arrives on Robben Island with Sisulu, Kathrada, Mhlaba, Mbeki, Motsoaledi and Mlangeni. Goldberg is sent to Pretoria as he is white
Prisoner number: 466/64
31 March 1982: Is transferred to Pollsmoor Prison with Sisulu, Mhlaba and Mlangeni. They are joined by Kathrada in October
Prisoner number: 220/82
28 February 1985: Goldberg is released
5 November 1987: Mbeki is released from Robben Island
12 August 1988: Is taken to Tygerberg Hospital where TB is diagnosed
31 August 1988: Is transferred to Constantiaberg MediClinic
7 December 1988: Is transferred to Victor Verster Prison
Prisoner number: 1335/88
15 October 1989: Sisulu, Kathrada, Mhlaba, Motsoaledi and Mlangeni are released with Oscar Mpetha and Jeff Masemola
11 February 1990: Madiba is released from Victor Verster Prison

Nkandla The Tip Of The Iceberg For ZumaVille

As the scandal still simmers around President Jacob Zuma’s R200 million-plus Nkandla home, news has broken that the nearby R2 billion “Zumaville” development is to go ahead.
The Nkandla-Mlalazi Smart Growth Centre, as it is formally known, will be at least half-funded by the state. It will reportedly include a school, libraries, a sport centre with tennis courts, housing, communal gardens, modern residential units, a shopping mall, a college, banking facilities and other amenities.
The Zumaville development is to be built in an area surrounding Nkandla. The mega-project is led by a rural development organisation Zuma chairs, Masibambisane Rural Development Trust, co-headed by a cousin of Zuma’s, Sibusiso “Deebo” Mzobe.
Mzobe is informally known by some as the “mayor of Zumaville” because he is in charge of developing Zuma’s home town of Nkandla.
Mzobe was married in May at a traditional wedding reportedly attended by 8 000 guests, including Zuma.
The Sunday Times reported that the chief of the area, Vela Shange, had given approval for the “Zumaville” development to go ahead.

nkandla jul 15
The Nkandla-Mlalazi Smart Growth Centre is to be built in an area surrounding Nkandla. Picture: Doctor Ngcobo
Independent Newspapers
This came after residents of Shange’s area initially protested that they were not willing to vacate their homes and did not want family grave sites moved to clear space for the various developments.
But Mzobe told the Sunday Times that Shange had given his blessing.
Zuma has in the past denied that his home town had been unfairly advantaged by the project.
Responding to questions in the National Assembly in September, Zuma said he saw no reason why Nkandla should be “punished” because he happened to come from there.
“Should they be punished because they are neighbours to Zuma? I don’t think that is the correct approach.
Developing that area does not trouble me, it makes me very proud.” But the development has raised the ire of various opponents.
“It is clear that Zuma will derive great benefit from the project in his personal capacity,” AfriForum chief executive Ernst Roets said.
He said the public protector had been asked to probe the matter because the circumstances amounted to an abuse of power by Zuma.
“The president is wearing three hats,” Roets said. “He is the head of the executive authority of government; he is chairman of Masibambisane, the government’s partner in this matter; and as a citizen with a personal interest in Nkandla, he is also a beneficiary.”
DA parliamentary leader Lindiwe Mazibuko previously asked in Parliament how the president could justify spending money in an area “just 3.2km from your homestead” when other impoverished parts of KwaZulu-Natal were left without basic services.
She said within a 100km radius, villages such as Ebizimali and Eqhudeni lacked water and electricity.
Zuma responded by naming 23 poor districts nationwide which had been identified by the government as recipients of upliftment programmes.
“Development goes where it goes at a given time,” he said.
He denied he had instructed the government to give priority to the development project of the new town.
“Government is doing a lot more throughout the country, even beyond the few districts I have mentioned. It is a pity that only Nkandla seems to generate interest,” said Zuma.
Last August, Mazibuko said she would formally ask the chairman of the standing committee on public accounts (Scopa), Themba Godi, to investigate why the government had decided to spend so much money on a single village when the money could have been spread across many impoverished rural areas in KZN.
On Sunday, the DA’s representative on Scopa, Dion George, criticised Mzobe’s involvement in another alleged scandal, a R1bn food-for-the-poor development.
Speaking to the Cape Argus last night, George said both the more-recent food matter, as well as “Zumaville”, would be the subject of investigations by the DA’s team on Scopa, “with a view to them both being discussed formally and publicly at Scopa”.
Last October, Public Protector Thuli Madonsela announced that her office would investigate “Zumaville"